The Declaration pointed to the circumstances in Europe of the past six years—the removal of the King of Spain by the Napoleon and the subsequent refusal of Ferdinand VII to accept constitutional rule both in the Peninsula and overseas. ¡Feliz Día de la Independencia! The revolution ended the authority of the Viceroy Cisneros and replaced it with the Primera Junta. The Document claimed that Spanish America recovered its sovereignty from the Crown of Castile in 1808, when Ferdinand VII had been deposed, and therefore, any union between the overseas dominions of Spain and the Peninsula had been dissolved. Melissa Petruzzello is Assistant Editor of Plant and Environmental Science and covers a range of content from plants, algae, and fungi, to renewable energy and environmental engineering. The house where the declaration was adopted has been rebuilt and is now a museum and monument: the House of Tucumán. 1816 . BBC Homepage ... 1816 - Independence declared, ... 'I think about the London Bridge attack every day… 1810-05-25 The Primera Junta (local government) is established in Argentina 1813-08-19 Gervasio Antonio de Posadas joins Argentina's second triumvirate. Childen can paint it and put parts of the house. On this day in 1816, deputies of the organization known as the Provincias Unidas de America del Sur assembled in the Argentinian city of San Miguel de … Locro, a traditional stew, and empanadas are commonly eaten during the festivities, and the holiday is a time to gather with family and friends to celebrate. Where is the city of San Miguel de Tucumán. The Buenos Aires government tried to maintain the integrity of the old Viceroyalty of the Río de la Plata, but the outlying portions, never effectively controlled, soon were lost: Paraguay in 1814, Bolivia in 1825, and Uruguay in 1828. Under ancient principles of Spanish law, the king’s dominions in America had the right to govern themselves until the restoration of a lawful king, and on May 25, 1810 (now celebrated as the day of the revolution), Buenos Aires established an autonomous viceroyalty in the name of Ferdinand, pending his restoration. These and other events of the week leading to this day are referred to as the Semana de Mayo (May Week). The Federal League Provinces,[1] at war with the United Provinces, were not allowed into the Congress. [2], Coordinates: 26°50′00″S 65°12′12″W / 26.83333°S 65.20333°W / -26.83333; -65.20333, Learn how and when to remove this template message, Anglo-French blockade of the Río de la Plata, the removal of the King of Spain by the Napoleon, other Spanish American declarations of independence, 9 de Julio de 1816: Declaración de la Independencia, Una Declaración de Independencia en aymara, Retroversion of the sovereignty to the people, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Argentine_Declaration_of_Independence&oldid=985071066, All Wikipedia articles written in American English, Short description is different from Wikidata, Articles lacking in-text citations from July 2011, Articles with Spanish-language sources (es), Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 23 October 2020, at 19:41. Argentina formally declared independence from Spain.. 1850 . Six years after the creation of the first Argentine government on 25 May 1810, delegates from the United Provinces of South America declared themselves independent from Spain on 9 July 1816. Independence day COMPLETE THE TEXT WITH THE WORDS ID: 903735 Language: English School subject: History Grade/level: 5 Y 6 Age: 10-12 Main content: Argentina Other contents: HISTORIA Add to my workbooks (4) Download file pdf Embed in my website or blog Add to Google Classroom Add to Microsoft Teams Delegate deputies, each representing 14,000 inhabitants, were sent from all the United Provinces of the Río de la Plata to the sessions, which started on March 24, 1816. The Declaration of Independence of the United Provinces of South America was written in Spanish and then translated into Quechua and Aymara. Moreover, the royalists from Peru had been victorious at the battles of Sipe-Sipe, Huaqui, Vilcapugio and Ayohuma, in Upper Peru, and seriously threatened the United Provinces from the north. Argentina Independence Day July 9 Independence Day in Argentina is a national holiday commemorating the day in 1816 when delegates from various provinces of the country met at the home of the prominent Bazán family, in Tucumán, to proclaim their independence from Spanish rule. A chronology of key events in the history of Argentina, from 1916 to the present. After years of many battles on multiple fronts, on July 9, 1816, the Congress of Tucumán formally declared the independence of the United Provinces of the Río de la Plata from Spain. Foreign Relations of the United States Previous Administration Archives Directories. History. This holiday commemorates the day of declaration of independence of the United Provinces of South America. Locro is a hearty stew comprised of beans, corn, squash potato, and various cuts of meat and chorizo. Argentina Independence Day History Argentina was discovered by European explorers in the 16th century. Historians have long debated whether Amerigo Vespucci, Juan Diaz de Solis, Ferdinand Magellan or Sebastian Cabot landed and laid claim to the land… The Federal League Provinces, at war with the United Provinces, were not allowed into the Congress. 1814-01-31 Gervasio Antonio de Posadas becomes Supreme Director of Argentina. July 9, 2019 On behalf of the Government of the United States, I extend my best wishes to the people of Argentina on the 203rd anniversary of your independence. Napoleon’s overthrow of Ferdinand VII plunged Spain into a civil war between two rival governments—one set up by Napoleon and the other created by patriotic juntas in the name of the exiled king and aided by the British. Festivities, including parades, concerts, and fireworks, are expected throughout the country and especially in Buenos Aires . At the same time, several provinces from the Upper Peruthat would later become part of p… Traditions of Argentina include, National Festival of Folklore, Carnival, Anniversary of the First National Government, Day of the Flag, Day of Friendship, Independence Day, Columbus Day, Snow Festival, and more. The congress continued its work in Buenos Aires in 1817, but it got stopped in 1820 after the Battle of Cepeda, which deepened the differences between the Unitarian Party, who favored a strong central government, and the Federales, who favored a weak central government. Independence Day occurred on July 9, 1816—or 9 de Julio as it’s called in Argentina—when the Congress of Tucuman in the northern territories declared independence from Spain. On April 15, 1815, a revolution ended the mandate of Carlos María de Alvear as Supreme Director and demanded that a General Congress be summoned. NOW 50% OFF! The Argentine independence movement began in 1806, when British attacks on Buenos Aires were repelled by local militia with little help from Spain. Argentina’s independence movement began in earnest on May 25, 1810, which is celebrated as Revolution Day. Termination of PRC-Funded Propaganda Programs Michael R. Pompeo December 4, 2020. The Día de la Revolución de Mayo (May Revolution Day) on May 25 is an annual holiday in Argentina to commemorate the First National Government (and the creation of the Primera Junta), one of the significant events in the history of Argentina. On July 9, 1816, they declared the country independent under the name of the United Provinces of the Río de la Plata. Because the Congress had the freedom to choose topics to debate, endless discussions ensued. Dates for Independence day - Argentina, 2020, 2021 and other years. This worksheet contains seven exercises to learn about Argentine Independence Day. The Argentines built a fort on East Falkland, but in 1832 … In recognition of 204 years of Argentinian sovereignty, today’s Doodle celebrates Argentina’s Independence Day, also known as Nueve de Julio (Ninth of July). The delegates gathered at a family home in Tucumán. The version in Aymara is attributed to Vicente Pazos Kanki (1779-1852). This was a legal concept that was also invoked by the other Spanish American declarations of independence, such as Venezuela's (1811) and Mexico's (1810), which were responding to the same events. In reality, the congressmen who were assembled in Tucumán declared the independence of the United Provinces of South America, which is still today one of the legal names of the Argentine Republic. This date, July 9, 1816, is now known as Argentina’s Independence Day and is celebrated all over the country each year. Britannica Kids Holiday Bundle! In 1816 Argentina declared its independence from Spain and in 1820 proclaimed its sovereignty over the Falklands. The president of the Congress at the time was Francisco Narciso de Laprida, delegate from San Juan Province. The Kingdom of Thailand’s National Day Michael R. Pompeo December 5, 2020. The Argentine Declaration of Independence on July 9, 1816 was the culmination of the independence struggle that was sparked off in 1806-07. The United States and Argentina enjoy a deep partnership, founded upon shared commitments to democracy and human rights, strong economic ties, and science and technology cooperation. With Argentina's Catholic history, they also celebrate holidays such as; … Argentina's Independence Day is celebrated on May 25 th every year, the people of Argentina take to the streets and participate in everything from marches and concerts to public rallies and meetings to celebrate May Revolution Day or Dia de la Revolucion de Mayo. Today, this is the day Argentina celebrates Independence Day, although the Argentinian War of Independence did not officially conclude until 1818. Also important were the ramifications of Napoleon I ’s intervention in Spain, beginning in 1808. Between the 1870’s and 1920’s, Argentina prospered as a result of the booming cattle, sheep and agricultural industries, construction of the railway and the industrial revolution Also important were the ramifications of Napoleon I’s intervention in Spain, beginning in 1808. Filling, and deliciously warming, locro is perfect for the winter day that Independence Day falls on. History of Uruguay Independence Day The region now known as Uruguay lay on the Eastern bank ('Banda Oriental') of the River Plate and had passed through English, Spanish, Portuguese and Brazilian control in a short period at the start of the nineteenth century. They remained a threat from their base in Peru until it was liberated by José de San Martín and Simón Bolívar in 1820–24. It is Uruguay's National Day and marks Uruguay's independence from Brazil in 1825. Weather in Argentina. Independence day COMPLETE THE TEXT WITH THE WORDS. Following three centuries of Spanish colonization, Argentina declared independence in 1816, and Argentine nationalists were instrumental in revolutionary movements elsewhere, a fact that prompted 20th-century writer Jorge Luis Borges to observe, “South America’s independence was, to a great extent, an Argentine enterprise.” She has her M.S.... Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. Subsequent discussions centered on what form of government the emerging state should adopt. The Congress was inaugurated in the city of Tucumán, with 33 deputies. The Argentine independence movement began in 1806, when British attacks on Buenos Aires were repelled by local militia with little help from Spain. https://www.patreon.com/Jabzy https://twitter.com/JabzyJoe Music - https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCjMZjGhrFq_4llVS_x2XJ_w ID: 903654 Language: English School subject: HISTORY Grade/level: 5 Y 6 Age: 9-12 Main content: Argentina Other contents: Add to my workbooks (3) Download file pdf Embed in my website or blog … What today is commonly referred as the Independence of Argentina was declared on July 9, 1816, by the Congress of Tucumán. Zachary Taylor, the 12th president of the U.S., died after only 16 months in office.. 1872 . However, when it became apparent that Ferdinand was virtually powerless following his restoration in 1814, an assembly of the members of the viceroyalty met at a home in San Miguel de Tucumán to discuss the situation. The 1810 May Revolution followed the deposition of the Spanish king Ferdinand VII by the Napoleonic French. 17 August: San Martín Memorial Day; 12 October: Columbus Day (officially, Day of Respect for Cultural Diversity) 20 November: National Sovereignty Day A full list of public holidays in Argentina can be found here. That date marked the beginning of a long, protracted military struggle, fought under the leadership of the revolutionary and military strategist Gen. … Although celebrations may differ this year due to the COVID pandemic, the partnership the … History of Argentine Independence Day. 1896 . By Daiana28 ... Argentina Independence Day, the House of Tucuman. In reality, the congressmen who were assembled in Tucumán declared the independence of the United Provinces of South America, which is still today one of the legal names of the Argentine Republic. In Argentina, locro is to Independence Day what hot dogs and hamburgers are to the fourth of July for Americans. At the same time, several provinces from the Upper Peru that would later become part of present-day Bolivia, were represented at the Congress. July 9, 2016, marks the 200th anniversary of Argentina’s declaration of independence from Spain. The voting finally ended on July 9 with a declaration of independence. It cointains reading comprehension, vocabulary and wri... 549 Downloads . However, the Federal League Provinces did not send delegates: the Argentine littoral Provinces (Santa Fé, Entre Ríos, Corrientes and Misiones), and the Eastern Province (modern-day Uruguay). It also marked the high point of the Argentine War of Independence, initiated in 1810 by patriotic leaders including Juan Jose Castelli, Jose de San Martin, and Manuel Belgrano. Press Statement. How do Argentines Celebrate? The assembly, which met at San Miguel de Tucuman to declare … July 9, 2020 On behalf of the Government of the United States and the American people, I extend heartfelt congratulations on Argentina’s 204 years of independence. Today, Nueve de Julio is a federal holiday in Argentina, celebrated with fireworks, parades, speeches, and military demonstrations. Argentina celebrates its Independence Day, or 9 de Julio, on Tuesday, July 9. July 9, 2016, marks the 200th anniversary of Argentina’s declaration of independence from Spain. William Jennings Bryan delivered his "cross of gold" speech at the Democratic National Convention.. 1974 . By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. Several years of hard fighting followed before the Spanish royalists were defeated in northern Argentina. The presidency of the Congress would be rotated monthly. 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