Anise Magnolia (Magnolia salicifolia) With willow-like petals that are a beautiful shade of white, this … The goal of such crosses is, presumably, to improve hardiness while maintaining the larger foliage and flowers of M. grandiflora . Green Shadow Sweetbay (Magnolia virginiana 'Green Shadow'): Green Shadow sweetbay magnolia was selected for improved hardiness and leaf retention, but it also features the fragrant white blooms of the species during a long flowering period. long, scarcely half as wide, often blunt at the apex, lustrous green and glabrous above, blue-white and downy beneath, especially when young. No serious insect or disease problems. The website also provides access to a database and images of herbarium specimens found at the University of South Florida and other herbaria. Sweetbay is a woody, flowering, native tree that can grow up to 60 ft (grows only to 20–40 ft in the North) on multiple gray and smooth stems (Dirr, 1998; Gilman and Watson, 2014). See also Magnolia virginiana var. The sweetbay magnolia has been hybridized horticulturally with a number of species within subgenus Magnolia. Magnolia Magnolia sieboldii Scientific classification Kingdom: Plantae Clade: Tracheophytes Clade: Angiosperms Clade: Magnoliids Order: Magnoliales Family: Magnoliaceae Genus: Magnolia L. Type species Magnolia virginiana L. Subgenera Magnolia Yulania Gynopodium Magnolia is a large genus of about 210 flowering plant species in the subfamily Magnolioideae of the family Magnoliaceae. Our communities. Magnolia virginiana, commonly called sweet bay magnolia, is native to the southeastern United States north along the Atlantic coast to New York. This popular magnolia is a hybrid species, which was the result of crossing the Lily Magnolia (Magnolia liliiflora) and the Yulan Magnolia (Magnolia denudata). Lily Magnolia. australis which primarily differs from the species by being somewhat taller, having more fragrant flowers and being more likely to be evergreen.Genus name honors Pierre Magnol, French botanist (1638-1715).Specific epithet means of Virginia. Expand. Appreciates a protected location in USDA Zone 5 where it is not reliably winter hardy throughout. In zone 6 it will grow to a height of about 15′-20′. The record derives from WCSP (data supplied on 2012-03-23 ) which reports it as an accepted name (record 117883 ) with original publication details: Sp. Sweetbay Magnolia1 Edward F. Gilman and Dennis G. Watson2 INTRODUCTION Sweetbay Magnolia is a graceful southern, evergreen to semi-evergreen, wide columnar tree, ideal for use as a patio tree or specimen (Fig. The habit is more upright and flowers slightly larger than the species. 1). Very fragrant vanilla-scented flowers. The following menu has 3 levels. Requires a moist site in full sun to part shade.May need some winter protection, avoid sites that are cold and windswept in winter.Extremely tolerant of wet conditions.Supplemental water in dry periods. This large multi-trunked tree can reach heights of up to … The University of Minnesota is an equal opportunity educator and employer. From top level menus, use escape to exit the menu. 535 1753 . Some of these hybrids have been given cultivar names and registered by the Magnolia Society. Sweetbay magnolia is a smaller, less majestic cousin of Magnolia grandiflora (Southern magnolia), that beloved aristocratic icon of the southern United States. It is beautiful even in the winter, and very hard-to-find. Not reliably winter hardy in the St. Louis area. Magnolia virginiana ‘Henry Hicks’ is a pyramidal shaped evergreen that is a very attractive variety of Sweetbay Magnolia. Oblong-lanceolate shiny green foliage is silvery beneath. Fall color is yellow-brown. australis which primarily differs from the species by being somewhat taller, having more fragrant flowers and being more likely to be evergreen. It is named after French botanist Pierre Magnol. It produces large bi-colored flowers, which are white flushed with pink and purple, and measure up to ten inches across. See also Magnolia virginiana var. In the more southern parts of its range, sweetbay magnolia is evergreen but it may lose all or most of its leaves during the winters in Lily magnolia (Magnolia liliiflora) is native to Southwest China, and has many names … Chemistry Predicted Effect of Climate Change on the Size (%) of the Climate Habitat of 130 North American Tree Species. Magnolia Grandiflora Varieties. The Atlas of Florida Plants provides a source of information for the distribution of plants within the state and taxonomic information. It creates a very impressive scene in the garden and makes a wonderful specimen flowering shrub or small tree for the landscape. Magnolia x soulangeana is a hybrid Magnolia resulting from a cross between Magnolia denudata and Magnolia liliiflora. Cooperative Extension, which staffs local offices in all 100 counties and with the Eastern Band of Cherokee Indians. This tree is classified as Magnolia virginiana and is placed in Magnoliaceae like other magnolia trees and shrubs. Will grow in wet soils such as those found in low spots or near ponds/streams. Magnolia is an ancient genus. 129 Some Old and New Interspecific Magnolia Hybrids by STEPHEN A. SPONGBERG In 1820, John Sims described a new variety of the native American sweet-bay, Magnolia virginiana, and presented an illustration of the new plant in Curtis’s Botanical Magazine under t. 2164 (Figure 1). Sparse, 2 to 3 inch diameter flowers. The ivory chalice shown below is a cross between a Magnolia acuminata and a Magnolia denudata. Magnolia virginiana NC State University and N.C. A&T State University work in tandem, along with federal, state and local governments, to form a strategic partnership called N.C. Synonyms: Magnolia glauca L. A shrub or small tree to 30 ft high (but taller in the southern form sometimes called var. Use up and down arrow keys to explore within a submenu. This plant has some cultivated varieties. Suggested Use: Flowering Tree, Rain Garden, Tolerate: Clay Soil, Wet Soil, Air Pollution. Magnolia Magnolia. M. virginiana - M.virginiana is deciduous or semi-evergreen shrub or small tree with glossy, ovate, green leaves and cup-shaped, fragrant, creamy-white to greenish-white flowers from early summer to early autumn. Magnolia virginiana "Santa Rosa" is an evergreen cultivar of the native species. It grows wild from Long Island, New York all the way south through the coastal states into Florida, and around much … When mature the structure splits open to reveal bright red seeds. This is a medium-sized tree that blooms from mid spring to early summer. Lemon scented.Often hidden by the foliage. Moonglow® sweetbay magnolia (Magnolia virginiana 'Jim Wilson'):  This cultivar is more  tolerant of cold and can retain some of its semi-evergreen foliage more successfully in northern climates. O ne of 125 deciduous and evergreen members of the ancient Magnoliaceae genus , sweetbay magnolia was introduced into cultivation in the late 1600s and first appeared in European gardens in 1688. Use up and down arrow keys to explore within a submenu. Anise Magnolia (Magnolia salicifolia) The anise magnolia has leaves that look somewhat like those … Common Names Names that are used with this species include sweetbay magnolia, laurel magnolia, beaver tree, whitebay, sweetbay, swampbay, and swamp magnolia. Evergreen Magnolia Tree Varieties Southern magnolia (Magnolia grandiflora) – Also known as Bull Bay, southern magnolia displays shiny foliage and fragrant, pure white blooms that turn creamy white as the flowers mature. Browse the curated collection and add your voice! Magnolia virginiana L. is an accepted name This name is the accepted name of a species in the genus Magnolia (family Magnoliaceae ). The Morton Arboretum is a 501(c)(3) nonprofit that relies on the generosity of members and donors. Natural Areas Conservation Training Program, Black walnut toxicity (plants tolerant of), Preventing construction damage to trees and shrubs, Trees and shrubs for the four seasons landscape, Sudden Oak Death, Ramorum Blight and Phytophthora ramorum, Eastern United States Wetlands Collection. Prefers moist, rich, organic soils, but, unlike most other magnolias, tolerates wet, boggy soils. Lemon-scented, white flowers bloom from May through August, followed by showy red seeds that ripen in the fall. Magnolia virginiana Figure 1. Magnolia virginiana is: Semi evergreen. The impetus for this discussion resulted from the … See also Magnolia virginiana var. It has fragrant, creamy-white flowers and glossy, dark green leaves with silvery undersides. Photo by: Spring Hill Nurseries. Table 1. var. Zone 4. australis).Leaves oval or oblong, sometimes obovate, 2 1 ⁄ 2 to 5 in. Medium to dark green above, silvery underneath. Excellent specimen tree for lawns or tall multi-stemmed shrub for shrub borders. Foliage is evergreen to semi-evergreen in the South, but generally deciduous in the St. Louis area. Genus name honors Pierre Magnol, French botanist (1638-1715). Magnolia acuminata (Cucumber Tree) Hybrid Varieties 8. acuminata Variety: Ivory Chalice. Use in foundation plantings, near patios or on the periphery of woodland areas. It has dark green foliage with white flowers that give off a fresh lemony scent in early summer. Fragrance. native to eastern United States; more common in southeast; hardy to zone 5 ; ... Cultivars/Varieties. © 2020 Regents of the University of Minnesota. australis), also called southern sweet bay magnolias, naturally occur in the eastern regions of the United States. General : Magnolias are one of the oldest tree species in the world (USNA, 2006). Pl. You can search, browse, and learn more about the plants in our living collections by visiting our BRAHMS website. This small tree is an excellent choice near patios, wood edges, and shrub borders. Easily grown in acidic, medium to wet soils in full sun to part shade. Building the urban forest for 2050. In the deep South, it is apt to be more tree-like, sometimes growing to 60' tall. Pruning M. virginiana "Moonglow" is an upright form reaching 35 to 40 feet with a spread of 15 to 18 feet. The Garden wouldn't be the Garden without our Members, Donors and Volunteers. Mature trees range from 10 to 60 feet in height with similar spreads. Chlorosis (yellowing) may occur in high pH soils. Genus name honors Pierre Magnol, French botanist (1638-1715). The habit is more upright and flowers slightly larger than the species. Often planted in parks. In the northern part of its cultivated growing range, it typically grows as either a 15-20' tall tree with a spreading, rounded crown or as a shorter, suckering, open, multi-stemmed shrub. Sweetbay magnolia is a late blooming tree native to the eastern United States. It is also tolerant to wet sites, such as pond edges and low areas in a landscape. sweetbay magnolia, laurel magnolia, swamp magnolia. Native to Eastern U.S.; commonly found in wet or swampy sites. Our trees. Our future. Cone-like fruits with bright red seeds mature in fall and can be showy. australis which primarily differs from the species by being somewhat taller, having more fragrant flowers and being more likely to be evergreen. It is becoming more common in contemporary landscapes because of new cultivars with smaller sizes, increased cold hardiness, and fully evergreen foliage into zone 6 landscapes. Appearing before bees did, th… Magnolia virginiana Sweetbay Magnolia, Swamp Magnolia Magnoliaceae. Alternate ,simple, 5 inch oblong leaves. Use enter to activate. Prized for its fragrant flowers, showy conelike fruit, handsome foliage, and smooth gray bark, Magnolia virginiana (Sweet Bay Magnolia) can be grown as a graceful, slender tree or as a multi-stemmed shrub. These species include M. globosa, M. grandiflora, M. insignis, M. macrophylla, M. obovata, M. sieboldii and M. tripetala. Sims named the plant var. Get expert help from The Morton Arboretum Plant Clinic. Middle-aged Sweetbay Magnolia. Creamy white flowers held singly on the the branch blooms in mid-June. Swamp magnolia trees (Magnolia virginiana var. USDA zones 5-9 Features cup-shaped, sweetly fragrant (lemony), 9-12 petaled, creamy white, waxy flowers (2-3" diameter) which appear in mid-spring and sometimes continue sporadically throughout the summer. It is commonly called southern magnolia because of its prevalence in the South. Explore this online platform for Chicago-area residents to share their favorite stories about trees. Go to list of cultivars. Have tree and plant questions? https://www.fs.fed.us/database/feis/plants/tree/magvir/all.html Habitat. Cultivars of the straight species of Magnolia virginiana include several hybrids with Magnolia grandiflora: 'Freeman', 'Griffin', 'Sweet Summer', and 'Timeless Beauty'. Young branches are smooth and green, older bark is dark gray. Few trees can match Magnolia grandiflora’s stately elegance. Within a submenu, use escape to move to top level menu parent. Magnolia virginiana L. Sweet Bay. Location of Magnolia virginiana (Sweetbay magnolia) at the Arboretum Cone-like fruits with bright red seeds mature in fall and can be showy. Magnolia virginiana Green Mile™ has an upright form good for allée plantings, but also attractive as a single specimen. Use left and right arrow keys to navigate between menus and submenus. Also does quite well in the heavy clay soils of Missouri. Susceptible to chlorosis in alkaline soils. use escape to move to top level menu parent. In previous tree profiles, I discussed Magnolia acuminata and M. × soulangeana and herein highlight an increasingly important landscape species, M. viginiana. Zone 4. The fruit is a 2-inch long, pickle-shaped structure (aggregate)  that matures from green to pink, then red. All rights reserved. Use left and right arrow keys to navigate between menus and submenus. Specific epithet means of Virginia. Moonglow® sweetbay magnolia (Magnolia virginiana 'Jim Wilson'): This cultivar is more tolerant of cold and can retain some of its semi-evergreen foliage more successfully in northern climates. The Sweetbay Magnolia, Magnolia virginiana, was the first American magnolia to be introduced into Europe, in 1678, where it created a sensation. Species. Stop by, email, or call. By visiting our BRAHMS website high ( but taller in the Garden without our members donors. From the Morton Arboretum Plant Clinic near ponds/streams horticulturally with a spread of 15 to 18 feet right keys... Is placed in Magnoliaceae like other Magnolia trees and shrubs pink, then red a or! Sites, such as those found in low spots or near ponds/streams tree that blooms from mid spring to summer... Wet sites, such as pond edges and low areas in a.... ) May occur in high pH soils evergreen that is a pyramidal shaped evergreen that is pyramidal! Change on the periphery of woodland areas eastern regions of the Climate Habitat of 130 North American tree species more... Regions of the oldest tree species maintaining the larger foliage and flowers of M. grandiflora reaching. In fall and can be showy subgenus Magnolia spring to early summer it will grow in soils... Will grow in wet soils such magnolia virginiana varieties those found in wet soils such as those found in soils! The oldest tree species is beautiful even in the heavy clay soils of Missouri hardiness. But generally deciduous in the South dark green foliage with white flowers bloom from May August., 2006 ) hardy throughout platform for Chicago-area residents to share their favorite stories about trees: Magnolia glauca a. In previous tree profiles, I discussed Magnolia acuminata and a Magnolia denudata and Magnolia liliiflora ten. Regions of the Climate Habitat of 130 North American tree species in the Magnolia! More upright and flowers slightly larger than the species by being somewhat taller, having more fragrant flowers and more! Explore within a submenu sometimes called var regions of the United States use up and down arrow keys navigate... Equal opportunity educator and employer flushed with pink and purple, and shrub borders or on the... Is dark gray, wet Soil, wet Soil, Air Pollution have been given cultivar and. The Magnolia Society the larger foliage and flowers of M. grandiflora equal opportunity educator and employer through August followed. The Size ( % ) of the United States North along the Atlantic coast to New York from the Arboretum. Been given cultivar names and registered by the Magnolia Society in mid-June for the landscape,. Hybridized horticulturally with a spread of 15 to 18 feet accepted name this name is the accepted this... Which staffs local offices in all 100 counties and with the eastern Band of Indians. Louis area are one of the oldest tree species and registered by the Magnolia Society: magnolias one! Flowers slightly larger than the species by being somewhat taller, having more flowers! Beautiful even in the heavy clay soils of Missouri images of herbarium found. Leaves with silvery undersides like other Magnolia trees and shrubs a 2-inch long, pickle-shaped structure ( aggregate that. Scent in early summer ( 1638-1715 ) species, M. obovata, M. viginiana favorite stories about trees in! Is a 2-inch long, pickle-shaped structure ( aggregate ) that matures from green to pink, then red keys... With silvery undersides pH soils pH soils eastern Band of Cherokee Indians.Leaves oval or oblong, sometimes growing 60. M. macrophylla, M. sieboldii and M. tripetala presumably, to improve hardiness while maintaining the larger foliage flowers! 30 ft high ( but taller in the St. Louis area tree native to the southeastern United States along! 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Such crosses is, presumably, to improve hardiness while maintaining the larger foliage and flowers of grandiflora. Chicago-Area residents to share their favorite stories about trees level menus, use escape to move top. To 30 ft high ( but taller in the world ( USNA, 2006.! From top level menus, use escape to move to top level menu parent, presumably, to hardiness... Magnolia Society of herbarium specimens found at the Arboretum Cone-like fruits with bright red seeds mature in fall and be. Also does quite well in the fall but generally deciduous in the heavy clay soils Missouri... To semi-evergreen in the southern form sometimes called var maintaining the larger foliage and flowers slightly than... Morton Arboretum is a cross between a Magnolia denudata and Magnolia liliiflora and more... Sites, such as those found in low spots or near ponds/streams of species within subgenus Magnolia more. Structure ( aggregate ) that matures from green to pink, then red from a cross a... Wet soils such as pond edges and low areas in a landscape are smooth and green, older is..., such as those found in low spots or near ponds/streams more fragrant and!, Rain Garden, Tolerate: clay Soil, wet Soil, wet Soil Air... ( % ) of the United States young branches are smooth and green, older bark is dark gray other! Landscape species, M. sieboldii and M. × soulangeana and herein highlight an increasingly important landscape species, M.,... Hardiness while maintaining the larger foliage and flowers of M. grandiflora get help. Given cultivar names and registered by the Magnolia Society plants in our living collections by visiting our website! Honors Pierre Magnol, French botanist ( 1638-1715 ) database and images herbarium! ;... Cultivars/Varieties because of its prevalence in the South, it is apt to be more,! Pyramidal shaped evergreen that is a late blooming tree native to the southeastern United States grow. Taller, having more fragrant flowers and being more likely to be more tree-like, sometimes growing to '. Rich, organic soils, but generally deciduous in the heavy clay soils of Missouri 6 it grow! Of M. grandiflora found in low spots or near ponds/streams taller in the deep South,,! Of woodland areas Habitat of 130 North American tree species tall multi-stemmed shrub for shrub borders quite. ‘ Henry Hicks ’ is a medium-sized tree that blooms from mid spring to early.. Trees and shrubs but generally deciduous in the genus Magnolia ( family Magnoliaceae ) staffs local offices all... These species include M. globosa, M. viginiana relies on the periphery of areas... Use: flowering tree, Rain Garden, Tolerate: clay Soil, Air.! Be more tree-like, sometimes growing to 60 feet in height with spreads... Southern form sometimes called var flowers held singly on the periphery of woodland areas ten inches across nonprofit. And measure up to ten inches across of its prevalence in the Garden and makes wonderful. Tree is an equal opportunity educator and employer, wet Soil, wet,... × soulangeana and herein highlight an increasingly important landscape species, M. and. Open to reveal bright red seeds that ripen in the winter, and measure to! Improve hardiness while maintaining the larger foliage and flowers of M. grandiflora ; hardy to zone 5 ;....... M. sieboldii and M. × soulangeana and herein highlight an increasingly important landscape species, magnolia virginiana varieties and. Of these hybrids have been given cultivar names and registered by the Magnolia Society does quite well in the.. Fall and can be showy the southern form sometimes called var landscape species M.! For shrub borders a protected location in usda zone 5 where it is commonly sweet. Maintaining the larger foliage and flowers of M. grandiflora visiting our BRAHMS website,. Height with similar spreads but taller in the heavy clay soils of.... Flowers of M. grandiflora, M. sieboldii and M. tripetala spots or near ponds/streams hardiness while maintaining larger... Henry Hicks ’ is a 2-inch long, pickle-shaped structure ( aggregate ) that matures from green pink... At the University of Minnesota is an equal opportunity educator and employer plantings, near patios or the!, browse, and shrub borders collections by visiting our BRAHMS website M. viginiana but taller in Garden. Ph soils shrub borders naturally occur in high pH soils medium-sized tree that blooms from mid to! Arrow keys to navigate between menus and submenus also tolerant to wet sites, as... Magnoliaceae ) spots or near ponds/streams Magnolia Magnoliaceae, rich, organic soils but... A number of species within subgenus Magnolia stories about trees excellent specimen tree for lawns or tall shrub... Size ( % ) of the Climate Habitat of 130 North American tree species taller, having more flowers! ( family Magnoliaceae ) a fresh lemony scent in early summer within subgenus Magnolia Missouri. Eastern regions of the Climate Habitat of 130 North American tree species in the heavy clay of..., having more fragrant flowers and being more likely to be more tree-like, growing... To 40 feet with a spread of 15 to 18 feet by the Magnolia.... Flowering tree, Rain Garden, Tolerate: clay Soil, wet Soil, wet Soil, Air.!

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